The NDMU goal in promoting outcome-based education (OBE) is to improve and enhance student learning and teaching quality. A central aspect of this framework is the alignment of learning outcomes, teaching and learning processes, and assessment which underscores the importance of continuous quality improvement. OBE is an educational process that focuses on what students can do or the qualities they should develop after they are taught. It involves the restructuring of curriculum, assessment, and reporting practices in education to reflect the achievement of high order learning and mastery. It requires that the students demonstrate that they have learned the required skills and content. The three components that encompass the NDMU outcome-based approach to learning are:

  • A clear statement of learning outcomes which reflects education educational aims, purposes and values;
  • The method/s to enable the intended learning outcomes to be achieved and demonstrated (curriculum, teaching, learning, assessment, and student support); and
  • Criteria for assessing learning which is aligned to the intended learning outcomes.

The NDMU Vision and Mission Statements, along with inputs from the various stakeholders, define the different outcomes. Program Educational Objectives (PEO) are developed from a number of sources: professional accreditation agencies, employer groups, alumni, the educational principles, and the professional experience of faculty in the discipline. PEOs are broad statements that describe the career and professional accomplishments that the program is preparing graduates to achieve within three to five years after graduation. The target outputs are highly competent, socially-responsible Marist graduates. The Program Outcomes (POs) are clearly-written statements about the knowledge (cognitive), skills (psychomotor), and behavior (affective) of its graduates. The POs are described in CHED Memorandum Order specific to each academic program and are linked to the PEOs. The PEOs and POs are specific to each degree program in the four colleges in NDMU:

  • College of Arts and Sciences
  • College of Business Administration
  • College of Education
  • College of Engineering and Technology

From PEOs and POs, the course learning outcomes (CLOs) are constructed. CLOs are statements that describe the knowledge and those skills will be useful to them. These include technical and soft skills (e.g., communication, social skills) that each student must acquire prior to completion of a specific course or subject. CLO is designed to support and be measurable against the POs. It is very specific to each individual course and will be the bases for the formulation of learning objectives for the lessons.


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